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她是谁?获得诺贝尔文学奖的新娘
创建时间:2024-04-08 10:00:00  |  点击:225  |  作者:天一云读

19世纪中后期的西方文学界涌现出许多文采斐然的作家,弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫、詹姆士·乔伊斯、D.H.劳伦斯、西格里德·温塞特……他们用生动的故事和深刻的笔触为后世留下了经久不衰的文学名著。今天这期天一云读·原版书,我们选取其中三位和他们的代表作品与书友们分享。

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Sigrid Undset

西格里德·温塞特

Sigrid Undset (1882-1949) , a Norwegian novelist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1928. Her best-known work Kristin Lavransdatter portrayed life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages. Sigrid Undset was of an age with Virginia Woolf and James Joyce. Her works are shot through with Norwegian color,  just like James Joyce's works with strong Irish color.

西格里德·温塞特(1882年-1949年),挪威小说家,1928年凭借现代主义长篇小说《新娘·主人·十字架》获得诺贝尔文学奖 ,该小说对中世纪斯堪的纳维亚生活做了有力描绘。或许我们对西格里德·温塞特有些陌生,她与弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫、詹姆斯·乔伊斯同岁。西格里德·温塞特创作的主题带有浓厚的挪威色彩,正如詹姆斯·乔伊斯的主题具有强烈的爱尔兰色彩。

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Kristin Lavransdatter

《新娘 · 主人 · 十字架》

In her great historical epic Kristin Lavransdatter, set in fourteenth-century Norway, Nobel laureate Sigrid Undset tells the life story of one passionate and headstrong woman. As a young girl, Kristin is deeply devoted to her kind and courageous father. But when she meets the charming and impetuous Erlend, she defies her parents in pursuit of her own desires. Her saga continues through her marriage to Erlend, and finally their estrangement as the world around them tumbles into uncertainty.

Kristin Lavransdatter is the masterwork of Norway’s most beloved author—one of the twentieth century’s most prodigious and engaged literary minds—and a story that continues to enthrall.

《新娘 · 主人 · 十字架》三部曲以14世纪上半叶为时代背景,再现挪威中世纪的历史和社会生活。小说描写了一个热情又执著的女主人公克里斯汀热烈追求幸福的一生和其悲剧性的结局。克里斯汀的父亲是个有着极高威望的基督教徒,克里斯汀却不顾父母的反对执意嫁给了狂浪冲动、没有信仰的艾尔伦。在那个通讯阻塞的古代挪威,婚后的她与故乡彻底断绝了关系。克里斯汀为婚姻付出了过于沉重的代价,结局到头来却并不理想……

这部小说三部曲是西格里德·温塞特的代表作,克里斯汀漫漫的一生虽然只是作者的杜撰,但温塞特对中世纪斯堪的纳维亚的生活再现是细致可信的。

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James Joyce

詹姆斯·乔伊斯

James Joyce (1882–1941) , one of the greatest authors in 20th century, was born in Dublin, Ireland, and spent most of his adult life on the European continent. In addition to his two milestones of experimental modernist fiction: Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake (1939) , his short-story collection work Dubliners (1914) is considered the greatest collection of short stories in the English language.

詹姆斯·乔伊斯(1882-1941),爱尔兰作家、诗人,二十世纪最伟大的作家之一。他出生于都柏林,成年后大部分时光选择在欧洲大陆度过。在他的写作生涯中,除了里程碑式的代表作品《尤利西斯》和后期长篇小说《芬尼根的守灵夜》,1914年的《都柏林人》称得上20世纪整个西方最著名的短篇小说集。

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Dubliners

《都柏林人》

索书号 classmark : I562.45/2/2

Dubliners is a collection of fifteen short stories about love and hope, loneliness and death. They form a naturalistic depiction of Irish middle class life in and around Dublin in the early years of the 20th century. The sisters, two gallants, a motherMany characters in the stories center on Joyce's idea of an epiphany: a moment where a character experiences a life-changing self-understanding or illumination, and the idea of paralysis where Joyce felt Irish nationalism stagnated cultural progression, placing Dublin at the heart of this regressive movement. Many of the characters in Dubliners later appear in minor roles in Joyce's novel Ulysses.

小说汇集了15个发生在都柏林的关于爱情、希冀、孤独、死亡的故事。作者以写实的手法描写了20世纪初期都柏林中下层人民的生活。故事中的“姐妹们”、两个“浪子”、一位“母亲”等等,《都柏林人》里形形色色的小人物们的故事都带着作者乔伊斯的自己对人生的顿悟,这些顿悟被后世所称叹为乔伊斯的“顿悟美学”。值得一提的是,《都柏林人》里有一些人物形象日后都走进了乔伊斯意识流著作《尤利西斯》中。一定意义上说,阅读此书,也有助于理解《尤利西斯》。

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Edith Wharton

伊迪丝华顿

Edith Wharton (1862-1937) , American novelist, who was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize with her notable work of The Age of Innocence. This classic novel paints a timeless depiction of "society" and Edith Wharton is recognized in her time as "a writer who brings glory on the name America," (The New York Times, 1920).

伊迪丝·华顿(Edith Wharton,1862年-1937年),美国女作家。1921年凭借其长篇小说《纯真年代》获得普利策奖。这部经典小说对19世纪美国上流社会的精致浮华做了精准描写,纽约时报评价:“美国人可以写出《纯真年代》这样的书,值得举国同欢。”

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The Age of Innocence

《纯真年代》

索书号 classmark:I712.45/77

The Age of Innocence is an intimate portrayal of American's upper-class society in the 19th century—and the human lives that came into conflict with it. It follows Newland Archer, a young lawyer engaged to marry virginal socialite May Welland in 1870s New York, when he meets her cousin, Countess Ellen Olenska, a lady unrestrained by convention and surrounded by scandal. Archer must choose between happiness and the social code that has governed his life as their relationship ultimately suffers at the hands of society and family obligation.    

《纯真年代》描述了19世纪七八十年代美国上流社会的人生百态以及人性的纠葛与矛盾。 小说讲述了上流阶层贵公子纽兰·阿切尔与门当户对的梅·韦兰及其表姐艾伦•奥兰斯卡伯爵夫人之间无法抉择的情感故事。纽兰的未婚妻梅是被旧贵族礼教培养的名门淑女,循规蹈矩;而梅的表姐艾伦则自由奔放,她不受习俗规定束缚的行为被上流社会看作是离经叛道,受到亲友侧目与不齿。纽兰被特立独行的埃伦吸引,但同时慑于上流社会习俗的威力选择与梅举行婚礼。三人在内心、家庭和社会的压力下,都面临深深的矛盾与抉择……  

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